Carbon dating for idiots
However, nuclei with too few or too many neutrons are unstable and they will shed energy, in the form of light or ejected particles, to try to achieve a stable nuclear arrangement. An isotope that emits energy in this manner is “radioactive”.
For the bonus round, the particles generated by the cosmic rays can interact with the stable nuclei of the atmosphere to create new radioactive isotopes.
I would give you the finger for being a smartass, albeit a correct one.
However, it tends to take more than 50000 years to create a limestone deposit.
And when you do this people become confused as to what science and technology actually are, to the point that we have to deprogram juries and judges of the CSI Effect in capital punishment trials because Reality. NOTE: at no point in the process do you create the Fantastic Four. For any given element, its chemical properties are dictated by the number of protons, and thus electrons, that it has.
No, I’m not talking about the hypersexualization of 12 year old girls trying to pass for 18. I’m giving you this quick primer on dating methodology, and the humorous ways they fail, for free. By far the biggest source is our own sun, but that just because it’s so close.The fresh sample, from a living seal that unhappily flopped away, dated as being 2000 years old. Sharing these results, this turned into an immediate proof for refutation of carbon dating, and thus all science that might suggest an Earth older than Bishop Usher’s estimate, by the YEC believers.A simultaneous contradictory thought accepting carbon dating commonly held by YEC that carbon dating of dinosaur bones shows them to fall in the last 10000 years.When an organism dies, no new C-14 is taken into its tissues and it starts to radioactively decay away. Through some rather painstaking observation, we’ve been able to establish that any given radioactive isotope decays away to stable ones at a constant rate (the time until only half of the starting amount is left is known as the half-life).
We can date thus things based on the changing ratio, relative to the half-life of C-14 (5712 years). If you know how much of the radioactive isotope you started with and observe what’s left, you can then calculate how much time has passed. All I need to do is go measure how much C-14 is left compared to normal non-radioactive C-12 and, bam, I know old the thing is.
But underlying all of that is a body of scientific work and assumptions that you’ve conveniently ignored in the interest of “character driven plot”. The atomic fragments of this are still energetic to have a half dozen more of these collisions.