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10-Jul-2017 22:35

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Paleontologists now apply sophisticated mathematical techniques to assess the relative quality of particular fossil successions, as well as the entire fossil record.

These demonstrate that, of course, we do not know everything (and clearly never will), but we know enough.

Source (text and graphic): University of Calgary, Geology and Geophysics Department.

Geologic time is finely subdivided through most of the Phanerozoic (see Harland , 1990 for details), but most of the finer subdivisions (e.g., epochs) are commonly referred to by non-specialists only in the Tertiary.

Today, innovative techniques provide further confirmation and understanding of the history of life.

Biologists actually have at their disposal several independent ways of looking at the history of life - not only from the order of fossils in the rocks, but also through phylogenetic trees. Relative dating is done by observing fossils, as described above, and recording which fossil is younger, which is older.

The discovery of means for absolute dating in the early 1900s was a huge advance.

The methods are all based on radioactive decay: The first radiometric dates, generated about 1920, showed that the Earth was hundreds of millions, or billions, of years old.These skeptics do not provide scientific evidence for their views.